Monthly Feature Story-November 2018-Haiku
Cultural Tips - Haiku
Eat a persimmon
And the bell will toll
At Horyuji Temple
(Meaning: I heard the bell at Horyuji Temple tolling while I was eating a persimmon. I deeply felt the atmosphere of autumn.)
This is the most famous haiku, which features a persimmon.
A haiku is a traditional Japanese poem consisting of three short lines of seventeen syllables in a five-seven-five pattern. These lines do not rhyme. Haiku is often called the world's shortest poem.
The form of haiku was mastered and perfected by Matsuo Basho in the 17th century. Other great traditional haiku poets are Yosa Buson, Kobayashi Isa, and Masaoka Shiki.
Every haiku contains a kigo - a word associated with a specific season. The season word in the haiku by Masaoka Shiki above is a persimmon, which represents autumn.
However, when you compose haiku, you can just follow these rules: use a three-line form and brief, direct expressions. The season word is not mandatory.
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